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The origin of the electric scooter: Brief History

  • Author:Vivi
  • Source:Internet
  • Release on :2019-08-14

With the latest innovations in high-tech electric scooters, it is easy to think that is something that came up in the 21 century.

Surprisingly, the first patent for a functional electric scooter dates back to 1895 ... at 20 century!. This is a year before the first gasoline scooter was created.
Let's take a quick look and see how it all started!


Late 1850 to 1895
It is unclear when the first electric bicycle was invented. We know that the first patent called "electric bicycle" was completed by the inventor Ogden Bolton Jr. of Canton Ohio in 1895. Interestingly, the patent states that "My invention relates to an improved electric bicycles", suggesting electric bikes that already existed in the past, at least on paper.

This is not as crazy as it seems, since the first electrostatic motors back to 1740, while lead-acid batteries, which we see in modern automobiles were invented in 1859 by French physicist Gaston Plante. In addition, the first tricycle was created in 1881 by Gustave Trouvé and revised the same year by Ayrton and Perry; his "electric car" could reach a top speed of 14 km / h with a range of 40 km.

It is no exaggeration to assume that someone, sometime before 1895, had the idea of ​​combining a bicycle, an electric motor and some lead acid batteries to create a fully functional vehicle.


1896-1910

In 1896, Humber, a British bicycle manufacturer pioneer, exhibited the first electric tandem bicycle in the Stanley Cycle Show (recently supplanted by the Olympia Motor Cycle Show, which still exists today). On May 22, 1897, this tandem reached a speed of 60 km / h.

Since nickel cadmium batteries were not invented until 1899, the Humber tikeemike fed with lead acid batteries, which made quite bulky and heavy.

While the first prototypes of ebike seem a little fun from the point of view of a modern person, in the years 1890-1910 were seriously considered as a viable alternative.

Unlike modern electric scooters, electric scooters first had no competition between those operating on gasoline. For example, the first non-electric motorcycle that was available for purchase was launched in 1894 in Germany by Hildebrand and Wolfmüller. With a maximum speed of 40 km / h, the bicycle ended up being a financial chaos because of the high price and technical difficulties.


1910

Before the first generation of mopeds came to light in 1915 with the release of Motoped and Autoped in the October 1911 Popular Mechanics the introduction of a bicycle that could reach a maximum speed of 56 km / h mentioned , an improvement of 40% with respect to the motorcycle fuel Hildebrand and Wolfmüller. The electric scooters also had three different speeds and had a range of 121 km by 160 kth load.

In 1919, Ransomes, Sims and Jefferies, one of the leading British manufacturers of agricultural machinery, developed an electric motorcycle with a sidecar. The latter took the batteries. However, even though he was registered for road use only he remained as a prototype.

Over the next 15 years, major innovations were not made in the field of Ebikes. One of the main reasons was the launch of Autoped gas in 1916. The electric scooters was a fairly competent model and saw mass production in both the United States and Germany until 1922. He was also the first scooter with folding handlebars.

In addition, in 1919, the ABC motorcycles joined the race and launched Skootamota ended up being even more widely adopted than the Autoped. The Skootamota was a scooter standing, but also came with a chair for long distance riding.



1910-1940-The fall and rebirth
The sudden success of the vehicles scooter driven companies worldwide in 1910 to hasten dozens of different models of new petrol engines, most of which were crude, uncomfortable and unwieldy. This quickly damaged the reputation of scooters as a kind of vehicle and took people a couple of decades change your mind about them. This also could have slowed the development and adoption of electric scooters.

In fact, electric scooters focus disappeared almost completely. They seemed to exist only in private workshops where inventors working on new models and styles.

One of these inventors was Maurice Limelette, who along with his brother Albert founded a company called SOCOVEL electric motorcycles in 1938. In 1941, Maurice invented, developed and began manufacturing its own electric electric scooters to solve related problems gasoline rationing during the German occupation.
Not only it could run out of gas scooter, but was also light, which sparked interest in the German forces. In the first year, SOCOVEL managed to produce and sell more than 400 units, despite a high price.

SOCOVEL continued producing and selling electric scooters to 1945.

During World War II, the US population also had gasoline shortages, which led to Merle Williams of Long Beach, California, to develop its own electric scooter with a trailer with a single wheel. What started as a small side project soon became the main occupation of Merle. After successfully manufacture and sell its electric scooters in the United States throughout the period of the Second World War, Merle decided to partner with another local business owner and start Marketeer Company. Now known as ParCar Corp, the company is still developing and manufacturing electric vehicles.

The 1940s and 1980s-The big boom
In 1938,Salsbury reinvented the scooter with fuel to enter the Motor Glide, which became a standard for all subsequent models. The Motor Glide became a great success and, once again, other large and small as Powell, Moto-scoot, Cushman, Rock-Ola and other companies immediately joined the corporate career.
This time, however, the standards were higher at the point where a scooter model, the "Cushman Airborne" was even adopted by the US military.
During that period, motorized foot scooters were not mass produced. The reason could be simple: because the scooters were heavy and bulky, made no sense to try to make them portable.
Popularizing the scooter as a vehicle for the daily commute, and the rise of environmentalism, greatly they boosted the development and launch of new models ebike.
In 1967, the Austrian chemist Karl Kordesch, one of the co-inventors of the alkaline battery, manufactured a hybrid electric scooter fuel cell / Nickel Cadmium battery. Later, the bike was redesigned to work in a hydrazine fuel cell.
The same year, Floyd Clymer (a pilot and pioneer in the sport of motorcycling, enrolled in the Motorcycle Hall of Fame in 1998), developed the Papoose, the first prototype electric scooter under the famous Indian brand.
In 1975, Mike Corbin, an innovative American runner, introduced the City Bike, a bicycle street for people with disabilities. Three lead-acid batteries, the bicycle would reach 48 km / h (30 mph) to 64 km (40 miles).
In early 1974, Corbin set the world speed record electric motorcycle at 165,387 mph (266,165 km / h) to manage your custom motorcycle called Quick Silver. That record represented an astonishing 38 years.
The same year, another small scooter called "Charger" was released by Auranthic Corp, a maker of California.
1980's-2000's - The Buildup
The trend that began in the early 70s continued, with independent inventors and enthusiasts actively developing their own models of electric scooters best. His discoveries and innovations paved the way for the modern electric scooter.
In 1996, Peugeot was the first to mass produce an electric scooter called Scoot'Elec. With a maximum speed of 45 km / h (31 mph) and a range of 40 km (29 miles), the scooter was a great success and has been produced in series for 10 years. Although it is quite heavy and is not environmentally friendly because of the Ni-Cd batteries that used the Scoot'Elec was a very important step.
In 1986, Go-Ped re-introduced the first gas engine scooter since 1915 and in 2001, the company launched a new model called "Hoverboard" which included a full suspension on both wheels.
In 1991, lithium-ion batteries were invented. Compared to their predecessors, these batteries can store more energy per kilogram and can produce the most current. They also have faster loading times, so most modern devices such as laptops, smartphones and cameras use lithium-ion batteries. Last but not least, these batteries are the most environmentally friendly of the group.

Modern electric scooters

A enthusiasts not take long to combine reintroduced by Go-Ped with the latest technology in electric motors and batteries to create the first prototype electric scooter design.
MyWay project started as a garage in 2009, and now became Inokim, one of the leading manufacturers of Escooter.

Today, there are dozens of manufacturers of electric scooters that are constantly innovating and introducing new useful features, and raising the standard bar. When there is demand, there is supply. There are many reasons why so many people prefer electric scooters.
Portabilidad, peso reducido, menos impuestos, menos regulaciones legales, seguros más baratos, menos mantenimiento, mayor seguridad: los scooters eléctricos tienen muchas ventajas. Además, a pesar de que los ciclomotores convencionales de 50 cc de dos tiempos tienen un consumo de combustible relativamente bajo, a la larga siguen siendo mucho más caros que sus homólogos eléctricos. El costo del combustible para conducir un scooter a gasolina es en promedio cuatro veces más alto que el de un scooter eléctrico.

Last but not least, electric scooters are much more friendly to the environment. While conventional mopeds and scooters typically consume little fuel, somehow they emit between ten and thirty times more hydrocarbon emissions and particulates per kilometer than cars (with and without catalytic converters).

Now we can see why so many people are excited about this new trend of electric scooters and why this trend will increase in the short term and will remain in time.